[Evolutionary Social Cognition Lab]

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Recent and Relevant Publications

 

Books:

 

Schaller, M., Norenzayan, A., Heine, S. J., Yamagishi, T., & Kameda, T. (2010). Evolution, culture, and the human mind. New York: Psychology Press. [link]

 

Schaller, M., Simpson, J. A., & Kenrick, D. T. (2006). Evolution and social psychology. New York: Psychology Press. [link]

 

Crandall, C. S., & Schaller, M. (2005). Social psychology of prejudice: Historical and contemporary issues. Lawrence KS: Lewinian Press.

 

Schaller, M. & Crandall, C. S. (2004). The psychological foundations of culture. Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. [link]

 

Articles and Chapters:

 

2017 and forthcoming:

 

Hofer, M. K., Buckels, E. E., White, C. J. M., Beall, A. T., & Schaller, M. (in press). Individual differences in activation of the parental care motivational system: An empirical distinction between protection and nurturance. Social Psychological and Personality Science. [pdf]

 

Beall, A. T., & Schaller, M. (in press). Evolution, motivation, and the mating/parenting trade-off. Self and Identity. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M. (in press). Sentiments and the motivational psychology of parental care. [Commentary] Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

 

Schaller, M., Hofer, M. K., & Beall, A. T. (2017). Evidence that an Ebola outbreak influenced voting preferences, even after controlling (mindfully) for autocorrelation: Reply to Tiokhin and Hruschka (2017). Psychological Science, 28, 1361-1363. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., Kenrick, D.T., Neel, R., & Neuberg, S.L. (2017). Evolution and human motivation: A fundamental motives framework. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 11, e12319. [pdf]

 

Johnston, C., Belschner, L., Park, J., Stewart, K., Noyes, A., & Schaller, M. (2017). Mothers' implicit and explicit attitudes and attributions in relation to self-reported parenting behavior. Parenting: Science and Practice, 17, 51-72. [pdf]

 

Murray, D. R., & Schaller, M. (2017). Pathogens, personality, and culture. In A. T. Church (Ed.), The Praeger handbook of personality across cultures (Vol. 3, pp. 87-116). Santa Barbara CA: Praeger.

 

2016:

 

Schaller, M. (2016). The empirical benefits of conceptual rigor: Systematic articulation of conceptual hypotheses can reduce the risk of non-replicable results (and facilitate novel discoveries too). Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 66, 107-115. [pdf]

 

Beall, A. T., Hofer, M. K., & Schaller, M. (2016). Infections and elections: Did an Ebola outbreak influence the 2014 U.S. federal elections (and if so, how)? Psychological Science, 27, 595-605. [pdf]

 

Murray, D. R., & Schaller, M. (2016). The behavioral immune system: Implications for social cognition, social interaction, and social influence. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 53, 75-129. [pdf]

 

Neuberg, S. L., & Schaller, M. (2016). An evolutionary threat-management approach to prejudices. Current Opinion in Psychology, 7, 1-5. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M. (2016). The behavioral immune system. In D. M. Buss (Ed.), The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology (2nd Edition, Vol. 1, pp. 206-224). New York: Wiley. [pdf]

 

2015:

 

Buckels, E. E., Beall, A. T., Hofer, M. K., Lin, E. Y., Zhou, Z., & Schaller, M. (2015). Individual differences in activation of the parental care motivational system: Assessment, prediction, and implications. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108, 497-514. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., Murray, D. R., & Bangerter, A (2015). Implications of the behavioural immune system for social behaviour and human health in the modern world. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 370, 20140105. [pdf]

 

Nunn, C. L., Craft, M. E., Gillespie, T. R., Schaller, M., & Kappeler, P. M. (2015). The society-health-fitness nexus: Synthesis, conclusions, and future directions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 370, 20140115. [pdf]

 

2014:

 

Beall, A. T., & Schaller, M. (2014). Affective implications of the mating / parenting trade-off: Short-term mating motives and desirability as a short-term mate predict less intense tenderness responses to infants. Personality and Individual Differences, 68, 112-117. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M. (2014). When and how disgust is and is not implicated in the behavioral immune system. Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, 8, 251-256.

[pdf]

 

Neuberg, S. L., & Schaller, M. (2014). The selfish goal meets the selfish gene. [Commentary] Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37, 153-154. [pdf]

 

Muthukrishna, M., & Schaller, M. (2014). Individual-level psychology and group-level traits. [Commentary] Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37, 265-266. [pdf]

 

Neuberg, S. L., & Schaller, M. (2014). Evolutionary social cognition. In. E. Borgida & J. Bargh (Eds.), APA Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 1: Attitudes and Social Cognition (pp. 3-45). Washington DC: American Psychological Association. [pdf]

 

Murray, D. R., & Schaller, M. (2014). Pathogen prevalence and geographical variation in traits and behavior. In P. J. Rentfrow (Ed.), Psychological geography (pp. 51-70). Washington DC: American Psychological Association. [pdf]

 

2013:

 

Murray, D. R., Jones, D. N., & Schaller, M. (2013). Perceived threat of infectious disease and its implications for sexual attitudes. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 103-108. [pdf]

 

Murray, D. R., Schaller, M., & Suedfeld, P. (2013). Pathogens and politics: Further evidence that parasite prevalence predicts authoritarianism. PLoS ONE, 8, e6227. doi:10:1371/journal.pone.0062275. [pdf]

 

2012:

 

Schaller, M., & Neuberg, S. L. (2012). Danger, disease, and the nature of prejudice(s). Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 1-54. [pdf]

 

Murray, D. R., & Schaller, M. (2012). Threat(s) and conformity deconstructed: Perceived threat of infectious disease and its implications for conformist attitudes and behavior. European Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 180-188. [pdf]

 

Murray, D. R., & Schaller, M. (2012). Mechanisms by which parasites influence cultures, and why they matter. [Commentary] Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35, 91-92.

 

Schaller, M., & Neuberg, S. L. (2012). Beyond prejudice to prejudices. [Commentary] Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35, 445-446.

 

Schaller, M., Kenrick, D. T., & Neuberg, S. L. (2012). Six degrees of Bob Cialdini and five principles of scientific influence. In D. T. Kenrick, N. Goldstein, & S. L. Braver (Eds.), Six degrees of social influence: Science, application, and the psychology of Robert Cialdini (pp. 3-13). New York: Oxford University Press. [pdf]

 

2011:

 

Schaller, M. (2011). The behavioural immune system and the psychology of human sociality. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 366, 3418-3426. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., & Park, J. H. (2011). The behavioral immune system (and why it matters). Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20, 99-103. [pdf]

 

Murray, D. R., Trudeau, R., & Schaller, M. (2011). On the origins of cultural differences in conformity: Four tests of the pathogen prevalence hypothesis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 318-329. [pdf]

 

Neuberg, S. L., Kenrick, D. T., & Schaller, M. (2011). Human threat management systems: Self-protection and disease-avoidance. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 35, 1042-1051. [pdf]

 

Dar-Nimrod, I., Heine, S. J., Cheung, B. Y., & Schaller, M. (2011). Do scientific theories affect men's evaluations of sex crimes. Aggressive Behavior, 37, 440-449. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., & Murray, D. R. (2011). Infectious disease and the creation of culture. In M. Gelfand, C.-y. Chiu, & Y.-y. Hong (Eds.), Advances in Culture and Psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 99-151). New York: Oxford University Press. [pdf]

 

2010:

 

Schaller, M., Miller, G. E., Gervais, W. M., Yager, S., & Chen, E. (2010). Mere visual perception of other people's' disease symptoms facilitates a more aggressive immune response. Psychological Science, 21, 649-652. [pdf]

 

Kenrick, D. T., Griskevicius, V., Neuberg, S. L., & Schaller, M. (2010). Renovating the pyramid of needs: Contemporary extensions built upon ancient foundations. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 5, 292-314. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., Neuberg, S. L., Griskevicius, V., & Kenrick, D. T. (2010). Pyramid power: A reply to commentaries. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 5, 335-337. [pdf]

 

Kenrick, D. T., Neuberg, S. L., Griskevicius, V., Becker, D. V., & Schaller, M. (2010). Goal-driven cognition and functional behavior: The fundamental motives approach. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19, 63-67. [pdf]

 

Murray, D. R., & Schaller, M. (2010). Historical prevalence of infectious diseases within 230 geopolitical regions: A tool for investigating origins of culture. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 41, 99-108. [pdf]

 

Neuberg, S. L., Kenrick, D. T., & Schaller, M. (2010). Evolutionary social psychology. In S. T. Fiske, D. T. Gilbert, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology (5th Edition, Vol. 2, pp. 761-796). New York: John Wiley & Sons. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., Conway, L. G., III, & Peavy, K. M. (2010). Evolutionary processes. In J. F. Dovidio, M. Hewstone, P. Glick, & V. M. Esses (Eds.), The Sage handbook of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination (pp. 81-96). Thousand Oaks CA: Sage. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., & Murray, D. R. (2010). Infectious diseases and the evolution of cross-cultural differences. In M. Schaller, A. Norenzayan, S. J. Heine, T. Yamagishi, & T. Kameda (Eds.), Evolution, culture, and the human mind (pp. 243-256). New York: Psychology Press. [pdf]

 

2009:

 

Duncan, L. A., Schaller, M., & Park, J. H. (2009). Perceived vulnerability to disease: Development and validation of a 15-item self-report instrument. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 541-546. [pdf]

 

Duncan, L. A., & Schaller, M. (2009). Prejudicial attitudes toward older adults may be exaggerated when people feel vulnerable to infectious disease: Evidence and implications. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 9, 97-115. [pdf]

 

Park, J. H., & Schaller, M. (2009). Parasites, minds, and cultures. The Psychologist, 22, 942-945. [pdf]

 

2008:

 

Park, J. H., Schaller, M., & Van Vugt, M. (2008). Psychology of human kin recognition: Heuristic cues, erroneous inferences, and their implications. Review of General Psychology, 12, 215-235. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., & Murray, D. R. (2008). Pathogens, personality and culture: Disease prevalence predicts worldwide variability in sociosexuality, extraversion, and openness to experience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 212-221. [pdf]

 

Fincher, C. L., Thornhill, R., Murray, D. R., & Schaller, M. (2008). Pathogen prevalence predicts human cross-cultural variability in individualism / collectivism. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 275, 1279-1285. [pdf]

 

Van Vugt, M., & Schaller, M. (2008). Evolutionary approaches to group dynamics: An introduction. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 12, 1-6. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M. (2008). Evolutionary bases of first impressions. In N. Ambady & J. J. Skowronski (Eds.), First impressions (pp. 15-34). New York: Guilford Press. [doc]

 

Schaller, M., & Neuberg, S. L. (2008). Intergroup prejudices and intergroup conflicts. In C. Crawford & D. L. Krebs (Eds.), Foundations of evolutionary psychology (pp. 399-412). Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. [pdf]

 

2007:

 

Ackerman, J. M., Kenrick, D. T., & Schaller, M. (2007). Is friendship akin to kinship? Evolution and Human Behavior, 28, 365-374. [pdf]

 

Conway, L. G., III, & Schaller, M. (2007). How communication shapes culture. In K. Fiedler (Ed.), Social communication (pp. 107-127). New York: Psychology Press. [pdf]

 

Duncan, L. A., Park, J. H., Faulkner, J., Schaller, M., Neuberg, S. L., & Kenrick, D. T. (2007). Adaptive allocation of attention: Effects of sex and sociosexuality on visual attention to attractive opposite-sex faces. Evolution and Human Behavior, 28, 359-364. [pdf]

 

Faulkner, J., & Schaller, M. (2007). Nepotistic nosiness: Inclusive fitness and vigilance of kin members' romantic relationships. Evolution and Human Behavior, 28, 430-438. [pdf]

 

Maner, J. K., DeWall, C. N., Baumeister, R. F., & Schaller, M. (2007). Does social exclusion motivate interpersonal reconnection? Resolving the "porcupine problem." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 42-55. [pdf]

 

Park, J. H., Schaller, M., & Crandall, C. S. (2007). Pathogen-avoidance mechanisms and the stigmatization of obese people. Evolution and Human Behavior, 28, 410-414. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M. (2007). Turning garbage into gold: Evolutionary universals and cross-cultural differences. In S. W. Gangestad & J. A. Simpson (Eds.), The evolution of mind (pp. 363-371). New York: Guilford Press. [doc]

 

Schaller, M., & Duncan, L. A. (2007). The behavioral immune system: Its evolution and social psychological implications. In J. P. Forgas, M. G. Haselton, & W. von Hippel (Eds.), Evolution and the social mind: Evolutionary psychology and social cognition (pp. 293-307). New York: Psychology Press. [doc]

 

Schaller, M., Park, J. H., & Kenrick, D. T. (2007). Human evolution and social cognition. In R. I. M. Dunbar & L. Barrett (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of evolutionary psychology (pp. 491-504). Oxford UK: Oxford University Press. [doc]

 

2006:

 

Ackerman, J. M., Shapiro, J. R., Neuberg, S. L., Kenrick, D. T., Becker, D. V., Griskevicius, V., Maner, J., & Schaller, M. (2006). They all look the same to me (unless they're angry): From out-group homogeneity to out-group heterogeneity. Psychological Science, 17, 836-840. [pdf]

 

Kenrick, D. T., Schaller, M., & Simpson, J. A. (2006). Evolution is the new cognition. In M. Schaller, J. A. Simpson, & D. T. Kenrick (Eds.), Evolution and social psychology (pp. 1-13). New York: Psychology Press. [doc]

 

Norenzayan, A., Atran, S., Faulkner, J., & Schaller, M. (2006). Memory and mystery: The cultural selection of minimally counterintuitive narratives. Cognitive Science, 30, 531-553. [pdf]

 

Norenzayan, A., Schaller, M., & Heine, S. J. (2006). Evolution and culture. In M. Schaller, J. A. Simpson, & D. T. Kenrick (Eds.), Evolution and social psychology (pp. 343-366). New York: Psychology Press. [doc]

 

Schaller, M. (2006). Parasites, behavioral defenses, and the social psychological mechanisms through which cultures are evoked. Psychological Inquiry, 17, 96-101. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., & Abeysinghe, A. M. N. D. (2006). Geographical frame of reference and dangerous intergroup attitudes: A double-minority study in Sri Lanka. Political Psychology, 27, 615-631. [pdf]

 

2005:

 

Conway, L. G., III, & Schaller, M. (2005). When authorities' commands backfire: Attributions about consensus and effects on deviant decision-making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 311-326. [pdf]

 

Maner, J. K., Kenrick, D. T., Becker, D. V., Robertson, T. E., Hofer, B., Neuberg, S. L., Delton, A. W., Butner, J., & Schaller, M. (2005). Functional projection: How fundamental social motives can bias interpersonal perception. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 63-78. [pdf]

 

Neuberg, S. L., Kenrick, D. T., Maner, J. K., & Schaller, M. (2005). From evolved motives to everyday mentation: Evolution, goals, and cognition. In J. P. Forgas, K. D. Williams, & S. M. Laham (Eds.), Social motivation: Conscious and unconscious processes. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press. [pdf]

 

Park, J. H., & Schaller, M. (2005). Does attitude similarity serve as a heuristic cue for kinship? Evidence of an implicit cognitive association. Evolution and Human Behavior, 26, 158-170. [pdf]

 

2004:

 

Crandall, C. S., & Schaller, M. (2004). Scientists and science: How individual goals shape collective norms. In M. Schaller & C. S. Crandall (Eds.), The psychological foundations of culture (pp. 201-223). Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

 

Faulkner, J., Schaller, M., Park, J. H., & Duncan, L. A. (2004). Evolved disease-avoidance mechanisms and contemporary xenophobic attitudes. Group Processes and Intergroup Behavior, 7, 333-353. [pdf]

 

Lehman, D. R., Chiu, C.-Y., & Schaller, M. (2004). Psychology and culture. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 689-714. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., Faulkner, J., Park, J. H., Neuberg, S. L., & Kenrick, D. T. (2004). Impressions of danger influence impressions of people: An evolutionary perspective on individual and collective cognition. Journal of Cultural and Evolutionary Psychology, 2, 231-247. [doc]

 

2003:

 

Park, J. H., Faulkner, J., & Schaller, M. (2003). Evolved disease-avoidance processes and contemporary anti-social behavior: Prejudicial attitudes and avoidance of people with disabilities. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 27, 65-87. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., Park, J. H., & Faulkner, J. (2003). Prehistoric dangers and contemporary prejudices. European Review of Social Psychology, 14, 105-137. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., Park, J. H., & Mueller, A. (2003). Fear of the dark: Interactive effects of beliefs about danger and ambient darkness on ethnic stereotypes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 637-649. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M. (2003). Ancestral environments and motivated social perception: Goal-like blasts from the evolutionary past. In S. J. Spencer, S. Fein, M. P. Zanna, & J. M. Olson (Eds.), Motivated social perception: The Ninth Ontario Symposium (pp. 215-231). Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. [doc]

 

2002:

 

Conway, L. G., III, & Schaller, M. (2002). On the verifiability of evolutionary psychological theories: An analysis of the psychology of scientific persuasion. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6, 152-166. [pdf]

 

Kenrick, D. T., Maner, J. K., Butner, J., Li, N. P., Becker, V., & Schaller, M. (2002). Dynamical evolutionary psychology: Mapping the domains of the new interactionist paradigm. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6, 347-356. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M. (2002). Any theory can be useful theory, even if it gets on our nerves. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6, 199-203. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., Conway, L. G., III, & Tanchuk, T. L. (2002). Selective pressures on the once and future contents of ethnic stereotypes: Effects of the communicability of traits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 861-877. [pdf]

 

2001:

 

Conway, L. G., III, Schaller, M., Tweed, R. G., & Hallett, D. (2001). The complexity of thinking across cultures: Interactions between culture and situational context. Social Cognition, 19, 228-250. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., & Conway, L. G., III (2001). From cognition to culture: The origins of stereotypes that really matter. In G. Moscowitz (Ed.), Cognitive social psychology: On the tenure and future of social cognition (pp. 163-176) Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

 

Schaller, M. (2001). Unintended influence: Social-evolutionary processes in the construction and change of culturally-shared beliefs. In J. Forgas & K. Williams (Eds.), Social influence: Direct and indirect processes (pp. 77-93). Philadelphia: Psychology Press.

 

Prior to 2001:

 

Schaller, M., & Conway, L. G., III (2000). The illusion of unfalsifiability and why it matters. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 49-52. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., & Conway, L. G., III (1999). Influence of impression-management goals on the emerging contents of group stereotypes: Support for a social-evolutionary process. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 819-833. [pdf]

 

Conway, L. G., III, & Schaller, M. (1998). Methods for the measurement of consensual beliefs within groups. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 2, 241-252. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M. (1997). The psychological consequences of fame: Three tests of the self-consciousness hypothesis. Journal of Personality, 65, 291-309. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., & Latane, B. (1996). Dynamic social impact and the evolution of social representations: A natural history of stereotypes. Journal of Communication, 46(4), 64-71. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., Asp, C. H., Rosell, M. C., & Heim, S. J. (1996). Training in statistical reasoning inhibits the formation of erroneous group stereotypes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 829-844. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., Boyd, C., Yohannes, J., & O'Brien, M. (1995). The prejudiced personality revisited: Personal need for structure and formation of erroneous group stereotypes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 544-555. [pdf]

 

Schaller, M., Crandall, C. S., Stangor, C., & Neuberg, S. L. (1995). 'What kinds of social psychology experiments are of value to perform?' Comment on Wallach and Wallach (1994). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 611-618. [pdf]