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Suedfeld's Integrative Complexity References

In chronological order

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Suedfeld, P. (1964). Toward greater specificity in evaluating cognitive and attitudinal change. American Psychological Association symposium paper.

Streufert, S., Suedfeld, P., & Driver, M. J. (1965). Conceptual structure, information search, and information utilization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2, 736-740.

Streufert, S., Clardy, M. A., Driver, M. J., Karlins, M., Schroder, H. M., & Suedfeld, P. (1965). A tactical game as a method for the analysis of complex decision-making behavior in individuals and social groups. Psychological Reports, 17, 723-729.

Suedfeld, P., & Streufert, S. (1966). Information search as a function of conceptual and environmental complexity. Psychonomic Science, 4, 351-352.

Suedfeld, P., & Hagen, R. L. (1966). The measurement of information complexity: I. Conceptual structure and information pattern as factors in information processing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 4, 233-236.

Suedfeld, P. (1966). Information processing: The effects of differential pattern complexity and input rate. Psychonomic Science, 6, 249-250.

Suedfeld, P., & Goeller, N. (1967). The effect of motivational arousal on information processing in the convergent word identification task. Psychonomic Science, 9, 231-232.

Suedfeld, P. (1968). Verbal indices of conceptual complexity: Manipulation by instructions. Psychonomic Science, 12, 377.

Suedfeld, P., & Rank, A. D. (1976). Revolutionary leaders: Long-term success as a function of changes in conceptual complexity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34, 169-178.

Tetlock, P. E., & Suedfeld, P. (1976). Inducing belief instability without a persuasive message: The roles of attitude centrality, individual cognitive differences, and sensory deprivation. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 8, 324-333.

Suedfeld, P., & Tetlock, P. (1977). Integrative complexity of communications in international crises. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 21, 169-184.

Suedfeld, P., Tetlock, P. E., & Ramirez, C. (1977). War, peace, and integrative complexity. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 21, 427-442.

Landon, P. B., & Suedfeld, P. (1977). Complexity as multidimensional perception: The effects of sensory deprivation on concept identification. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 10, 137-138.

Suedfeld, P. (1978). Integrative komplexitat als eine variable historischer forschung und internationaler beziehungen. In H. Mandl & G. L. Huber (Eds.), Kognitive komplexitat (pp. 51-64). Gottingen: Hogrefe Verlag.

Suedfeld, P. (1978). Die messung integrativer komplexitat in archivmaterialien. In H. Mandl & G. L. Huber (Eds.), Kognitive komplexitat (pp. 179-192). Gottingen: Hogrefe Verlag.

Porter, C. A., & Suedfeld, P. (1981). Integrative complexity in the correspondence of literary figures: Effects of personal and societal stress. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40, 321-330.

Kalish, N., Landon, P. B., Rank, D. S., & Suedfeld, P. (1983). Stimulus, task, and environmental characteristics as factors in the cognitive processing of English sentences. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 21, 1-3.

Suedfeld, P., & Piedrahita, L. E. (1984). Intimations of mortality: Integrative simplification as a precursor of death. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47, 848-852.

Suedfeld, P. (1985). American Psychological Association Presidential addresses: The relation of integrative complexity to historical, professional, and personal factors. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 1643-1651.

Suedfeld, P., Corteen, R. S., & McCormick, C. (1986). The role of integrative complexity in military leadership: Robert E. Lee and his opponents. In G. Y. Nogami (Ed.), Special issue on military psychology, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 16, 498-507.

Suedfeld, P. (1986). Authoritarian thinking, groupthink, and decision-making under stress: Are simple decisions always worse? American Psychological Association symposium presentation; (1988) Society, 25(5), 25-27.

Wallace, M. D., & Suedfeld, P. (1988). Leadership performance in crisis: The longevity-complexity link. International Studies Quarterly, 32, 439-451.

Suedfeld, P., & Bluck, S. (1988). Changes in integrative complexity prior to surprise attacks. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 32, 626-635.

Ballard, E.J., & Suedfeld, P. (1988). Performance ratings of Canadian Prime Ministers: Individual and situational factors. Political Psychology, 9, 291-302.

Suedfeld, P., Bluck, S., Ballard, E. J., & Baker-Brown, G. (1990). Canadian federal elections: Motive profiles and integrative complexity in political speeches and popular media. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 22, 26-36.

Suedfeld, P., & Wallbaum, A. B. C. (1992). Modifying integrative complexity in political thought: Value conflict and audience disagreement. International Journal of Psychology, 26, 19-36.

Suedfeld, P., Tetlock, P. E., & Streufert, S. (1992). Conceptual/integrative complexity. In C. P. Smith, J. W. Atkinson, D. C. McClelland, & J. Veroff (Eds.), Motivation and personality: Handbook of thematic content analysis (pp. 393-400). New York: Cambridge University Press.
[Available at the Electronic Complexity Workshop]

Baker-Brown, G., Ballard, E. J., Bluck, S., de Vries, B., Suedfeld, P., & Tetlock, P. E. (1992). The conceptual/integrative complexity scoring manual. In C. P. Smith, J. W. Atkinson, D. C. McClelland, & J. Veroff (Eds.), Motivation and Personality: Handbook of thematic content analysis (pp. 401-418). New York: Cambridge University Press.
[Available at the Electronic Complexity Workshop]

Coren, S., & Suedfeld, P. (1990). A power test of conceptual complexity: Textual correlates. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20, 357-367.

Suedfeld, P. (1992). Cognitive managers and their critics. Political Psychology, 13, 435-453.

Suedfeld, P., & Coren, S. (1992). Cognitive correlates of conceptual complexity. Personality and Individual Differences, 13, 1193-1199.

Suedfeld, P. (1992). Bilateral relations between countries and the complexity of newspaper editorials. Political Psychology, 13, 601-611.

Suedfeld, P., & Bluck, S. (1993). Changes in integrative complexity accompanying significant life events: Historical evidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 124-130.

Suedfeld, P., Wallace, M. D., & Thachuk, K. L. (1993). Changes in integrative complexity among Middle East leaders during the Persian Gulf crisis. Journal of Social Issues, 49(4), 183-199.

Suedfeld, P. (1994). President Clinton's policy dilemmas: A cognitive analysis. Political Psychology, 15, 337-349.

Suedfeld, P., Bluck, S., Loewen, L., & Elkins, D. (1994). Sociopolitical values and integrative complexity of members of student political groups. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 26, 121-141.

Suedfeld, P., Bluck, S., & Ballard, E. J. (1994). The effects of emotional involvement and psychological distance in integrative complexity. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 24, 443-452.

Granatstein, J. L., & Suedfeld, P. (1994). Tommy Burns as a military leader: A case study using integrative complexity. Canadian Military History, 3, 63-67.

Coren, S., & Suedfeld, P. (1995). Personality correlates of conceptual complexity. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 10, 229-242.

Suedfeld, P., & Granatstein, J. L. (1995). Leader complexity in personal and professional crises: Concurrent and retrospective information processing. Political Psychology, 16, 509-522.

Guttieri, K., Wallace, M. D., & Suedfeld, P. (1995). The integrative complexity of American decision makers in the Cuban Missile Crisis. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 39, 595-621.

Suedfeld, P. (1996). Thematic content analyses: Nomothetic methods for using holocaust survivor narratives in psychological research. Holocaust Genocide Studies, 10, 168-180.

Suedfeld, P., & Wallace, M. (1995). President Clinton as a cognitive manager. In S. A. Renshon (Ed.), The Clinton Presidency (pp. 215-233). Oxford: Westview Press.

Suedfeld, P., de Vries, B., Bluck, S., Wallbaum, A. B. C., & Schmidt, P. W. (1996). Intuitive perceptions of decision-making strategy: Naive assessors' concepts of integrative complexity. International Journal of Psychology, 31, 177-190.

Wallace, M., Suedfeld, P. & Thachuk, K. A. (1996). Failed leader or successful peacemaker? Crisis, behavior, and cognitive processes of Mikhail Sergeyevitch Gorbachev. Political Psychology, 17, 453-471.

Lavallee, L., & Suedfeld, P. (1997). Conflict in Clayquot Sound: Using thematic content analysis to understand psychological aspects of environmental controversy. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 29(3), 194-209.

Suedfeld, P., Fell, C., & Krell, R. (1998). Structural aspects of survivors' thinking about the Holocaust. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 11, 323-336.

Suedfeld, P., Lavallee, L., & Brough, J. (1998). Political language in an environmental controversy: Integrative complexity and motive imagery in advocacy propaganda and the press. In O. Feldman & C. De Landtsheer (Eds.), Politically speaking: A worldwide examination of language used in the public sphere (pp. 170-183). Westport, CT: Praeger.

Suedfeld, P. (2000). Domain-related variation in integrative complexity: A measure of political importance and responsiveness? Clinton, Gingrich, Gorbachev, and various Canadian political leaders. In O. Feldman & C. De Landtsheer (Eds.), Beyond public speech and symbols: Explorations in the rhetoric of politicians and the media (pp. 17-34). Westport, CT: Praeger.

Suedfeld, P., & Tetlock, P.E. (2001). Individual differences in information processing. In A. Tesser & N. Schwartz (Eds.), Blackwell handbook of social psychology: Intraindividual processes (pp. 284-304). Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Conway, L. G. III, Suedfeld, P., & Tetlock, P. E. (2001). Integrative complexity and political decisions that lead to war or peace. In D. J. Christie, R. V. Wagner, & D. D. N. Winter (Eds.), Peace, conflict, and violence: Peace psychology for the 21st century (pp. 66-75). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Suedfeld, P. (2000). Cognitive styles: Personality. In A. E. Kazdin (Ed.-in-Chief), Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 166-169). Washington, DC and New York: American Psychological Association and Oxford University Press.

Suedfeld, P., Conway, L. G. III., & Eichhorn, D. (2001). Studying Canadian leaders at a distance. In O. Feldman and L. O. Valenty (Eds.), Profiling political leaders (pp. 3-19). Westport, CT: Praeger.

Suedfeld, P., & Leighton, D. C. (2002). Early communications in the war against terrorism: An integrative complexity analysis. Political Psychology, 23, 585-599.

Suedfeld, P., Guttieri, K., & Tetlock, P. E. (2003). Assessing integrative complexity at a distance: Archival analyses of thinking and decision making (pp. 246-272). Suedfeld, P., & Tetlock, P. E. (2003). President Clinton: Cognitive manager in trouble (pp. 328-332). Suedfeld, P. (2003). Saddam Hussein's integrative complexity under stress (pp. 391-396). In J. M. Post (Ed.), The Psychological assessment of political leaders: With profiles of Saddam Hussein and Bill Clinton. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.

Suedfeld, P. (2003). Integrative complexity of western and terrorist leaders in the war against the Afghan terrorist regime. Psicología Política, 27, 79-91.

Conway, L.G. III, Suedfeld, P., & Clements, S.M. (2003). Beyond the American reaction: Integrative complexity of Middle Eastern leaders during the 9/11 crisis. Psicología Política, 27, 93-103.

Last updated: Monday, May 31, 2004

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About this web-site

This web-site describes the research and other achievements of Dr. Peter Suedfeld, Professor Emeritus in the Department of Psychology at the University of British Columbia.

This page lists Dr. Suedfeld's publications using or otherwise related to the integrative complexity method of scoring verbatim material. To learn more about this research area, including an online workshop to help you learn how to score complexity, click the first of the four research-related links below.

Personal information:

Biographic Info, Recent Publications, and Current Projects

Primary research topics:

Integrative ComplexityPolitical PsychologyExtreme & Unusual EnvironmentsHolocaust Studies

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